The Israel-Palestine conflict is a long-standing and complex conflict between Israelis and Palestinians over land, borders, and political sovereignty. The battle had its roots in the late 19th and early 20th centuries when Jewish Zionists began immigrating to Palestine, then part of the Ottoman Empire, to establish a Jewish homeland.
After World War I, the League of Nations granted Britain a mandate to administer Palestine, which included both Jews and Arabs. However, tensions increased between the two groups as Jewish immigration to Palestine increased, and both sides claimed the right to self-determination.
In 1947, the United Nations proposed a partition plan that would divide Palestine into separate Jewish and Arab states. Still, the project was rejected by Arab leaders, who argued that it was unfair and violated their rights. In 1948, Israel declared independence and neighbouring Arab countries invaded to prevent the establishment of a Jewish state.
The conflict has continued for decades, with both Israelis and Palestinians engaging in violence and negotiations to try to reach a resolution. Key issues include the status of Jerusalem, Israeli settlements in the West Bank, the right of Palestinian refugees to return to their homes, and the establishment of a Palestinian state.
Efforts to resolve the conflict have been complicated by factors such as political divisions within Palestinian society, the influence of external actors such as the United States and other countries in the region, and ongoing violence and terrorism.
Despite numerous attempts at peace talks and agreements, the conflict remains unresolved, with both sides continuing to assert their claims to the land and their right to self-determination.
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